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This Is Your Brain On ADHD, Part III: Heredity, Environment & Beyond

The first two parts of this blog looked at brain research that seeks to explain ADHD, focusing on studies that have identified deficiencies in the dopamine pathway and those that have found differences in other parts of the brain. Part III briefly summarizes two additional research streams.These aim not at describing anomalies in the ADHD […]

This Is Your Brain On ADHD, Part II: Other Studies, Other Theories

Part I of this blog summarized what I’ve been reading about the most extensive body of research on the ADHD brain, which has focused on apparent anomalies in the dopamine system. A number of researchers theorize that the brain’s processing of dopamine encodes our predictions of future rewards for current behaviors and that ADHD reflects […]

This Is Your Brain on ADHD, Part I: Dopamine & Reward

It was 1968 when the diagnostic criteria for what is now called ADHD first appeared in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), the book used for diagnosing “mental disorders.” Although the criteria for ADHD have changed over time, they have always been based almost exclusively on observations of behavior. The problem with this approach is […]

ADHD & The Legacy of Shame: Part II

Part I of this blog looked at the shame so common among ADHD children, exploring its likely origins and its impact the ADHD child’s attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. Part II discusses some approaches we may find useful in helping children diminish the shame they feel about their ADHD. What We Can Do For the most […]

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ADHD: Its Roots and Causes

Parents and teachers have long known how children experience ADHD: as difficulty in sustaining attention, controlling impulses, or following through with tasks. More recently, scientists have begun to define what ADHD actually is, describing it in neurological terms as variations in the way certain parts of the human brain function and communicate. Even more recently, […]

ADHD Part I: What Is It?

According to the DSM-IV TR, the manual that outlines generally accepted definitions of “mental disorders,” Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can be diagnosed when an individual (usually a child) exhibits six or more symptoms from one or both of two categories. The first includes signs of inattention such as inconsistent focus, careless mistakes, forgetfulness, distractibility, trouble […]

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ADHD Part II: How Is It Treated?

According to a recent article, about 10.4 million U.S. children, mostly boys, were treated for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in 2010. This number was the highest in the nation’s history, representing a 66% increase since the year 2000 and resulting in treatment costs totaling $6.85 billion.  Given these statistics, it is no wonder that there […]

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